PERAN EDUKASI GIZI DALAM PENCEGAHAN ANEMIA PADA REMAJA DI INDONESIA: LITERATURE REVIEW

  • Triya Ulva Kusuma STIKES Muhammadiyah Kendal
Keywords: Nutrition Education, Adolescent, Anemia

Abstract

            Anemia is still a health problem throughout the world, including Indonesia. Anemia in adolescents has a serious impact and is entirely a consequence of iron deficiency which is closely related to the severity of anemia. In addition, anemia in adolescent girls can increase the risk of developing anemia during pregnancy. This will have a negative impact on growth and the fetus in the womb, along with the development to experience a number of complications during pregnancy and during delivery. Anemia can be treated with various strategies, one of which is through nutrition education. This literature review study aims to provide an overview of various methods, media, roles and effectiveness of nutrition education in the context of preventing anemia in adolescents in Indonesia. The method used in this paper is a literature review study by searching Indonesian language articles through the Google Scholar database and Garuda Portal in the period 2018-2021. The keywords used are "nutrition education", "anemia", "teenagers". From the results of the search and study, 8 articles were obtained through Google Scholar and 2 articles through the Garuda Portal which were used for this research. The results showed that nutrition education played a role in preventing anemia in adolescent girls through several aspects, namely knowledge, attitudes and hemoglobin levels. Nutrition education can be done through a variety of media such as healthy millennial card, booklets, leaflets, posters, comics, flipcharts, motion videos, Whatsapp and Facebook delivered through a number of educational methods such as games, counseling, lectures, Team Game Tournament (TGT), peer group education and integrated education.

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Published
2022-02-24
How to Cite
Kusuma, T. (2022). PERAN EDUKASI GIZI DALAM PENCEGAHAN ANEMIA PADA REMAJA DI INDONESIA: LITERATURE REVIEW. Jurnal Surya Muda, 4(1), 61-78. https://doi.org/10.38102/jsm.v4i1.162
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